Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)
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Great Himalayan National Park(GHNP) is a relatively new National Park created in 1999. It is known as GHNP. It protects a himalayan ecosystem with rare plants and animals. Himalayan black bear, brown bear, leopard, snow leopard and Himalayan tahr are found here but they are all very elusive. The colourful Himalayan Monal Pheasant and the Western Tragopan represent the birdlife.

GHNP has well developed trekking infrastructure. There are camping grounds located at strategic places. There are no facilities on the way and all provisions and blankets etc have to be carried.

A shorter week long trek starts at Sainj/Shangarh and then to Shakti, Maraur and then ends at Raktisar. This can be accomplished by a lightweight expedition of 1-2 people with a guide and 2-3 porters.

A longer high altitude trek starts from Sainj/Shangarh and on to Parkachi and then joins the Pin Parvati trek to Pin Parvati National Park via the Pin Parvati pass. It ends at Kaza where you can see the various monasteries including the famous Tabo monastery and then take a bus back to Kullu-Manali via Kunzum pass and Rohtang Pass. The trek starts from temperate forests, goes through alpine meadows and then over high altitude passes and ends in a high altitude cold desert. This requires careful planning and preferably the services of an trekking company.

There are villages in the park and 'gujjars' bring their sheep to graze in the park. Bears come to the villages during the harvesting season to feast on ripe maize. This leads to man-animal conflict which has been the subject of a scientific study in the park.


Also see the 'Wild places of India' iBook for the iPad.
with even more information about Great Himalayan National Park(GHNP)

Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) and the adjoining Pin Valley National Park is known as the Land of the Ibex and the Snow Leopard

Watercolour by Kokay Szabolcs

Sainj river


Himalayan Eco-tourism offers treks and hikes in the GHNP. The treks are managed by members of a local co-operative. The majority of the revenue goes to co-operative members who live right at the edge of GHNP

Map of Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

Link to google maps map of GHNP

Travelling to Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

It is easy but time-consuming to get to GHNP.

There are regular fast tourist ‘Volvo’ buses from Delhi(14 hours) and Chandigarh(8 hours) to the tourist destination of Manali. Ask the driver to drop you just before the entrance to the Aut tunnel and about 15km before Aut. From this tunnel, there is a side road which crosses the Beas river over a bridge and leads to GHNP. There are infrequent buses from here to GHNP. If a local trekking company has arranged your tour, they will pick you up from the entrance to the tunnel.

Travelling inside Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

Trekking and hiking is the only option to travel inside the GHNP. There are no horses, mules and there are no roads and no elephants!

HimalayanEcotourism is an eco-tourism focussed social enterprise working in the Ecozone of the Great Himalayan National Park. The majority of the revenue goes to the GHNP Community-based Ecotourism Cooperative Society. They hire local guides and porters who get majority of the revenue from eco-tourism. They are highly recommended.

Stephan Marchal manages HimalayanEcotourism which offers treks and hikes in the park


You will need good walking shoes, tents, sleeping bags, food… and more for your travels in GHNP.

The terrain is too steep for any pack animals. Gujjars and their sheep do graze in the park but I havent seen sheep being used as pack animals in India although it does happen in Nepal. The altitude is too low for yaks to be used. Hiring porters is the only option. All your personal belongings has to be carried by you in your rucksack.

The trek is steep and trekker has to be fit. The treks are of moderate difficulty. Some streams dont have bridges and have to be crossed using log bridges where one slip can lead to a serious injury. See picture below:

Crossing a log bridge in GHNP

Trekking inside GHNP

Trekking inside GHNP

Best time to go to Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

May to June is the best time to go. It rains a lot from Jul to Sep because of the monsoon and the views of the mountains are obscured by the clouds. Mid-Sep to end-Oct is another good time to go.

Park is closed due to snowfall from Nov to April.

Accomodation in Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

The only accommodation available in the park is at Sainj and Shangarh Forest Rest house. These are near the start of the trek. If trekking beyond Shangarh, there is no real accomodation. Homestays are available in the Tirthan valley before the road ends.

A lightweight tent and sleeping bag has to be carried as it can get cold at night in the higher reaches.  'Thatch' is local name for a hut. Thatches are located at strategic places and provide very basic shelter from rain. There are thatches at Shakti, Maraur and Parkachi. You can get by with just sleeping in the thatch without a tent if it doesnt rain.

Shangarh Forest Rest House

Things to see and do in Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

Watercolours of plants by Kokay Szabolcs

Practical tips


Pictures of Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

Bridge over Sainj river

Village of Shangarh

Thanks for reading. Your comments and feedback will be appreciated.

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  1. Sue Johns
    Feb 11, 2012 @ 00:15:33

    Would you be able to recommend a reputable trekking company I could contact – I am wanting to do the Up Tirath in Tirthan Valley trek in mid May


    • admin
      Feb 11, 2012 @ 16:44:18

      Hello Sue,

      As mentioned in the article, I asked the director of the park to arrange guides for me. So I didnt hire the services of any trekking company.

      The standards in trekking company change frequently as the reputable companies of yesterday might not be that good today.

      I am sorry but I cant suggest any reliable and fair company. The one thing I can suggest is to look for companies which are approved by the govt. They display their govt license and registration number on their website.

      As mentioned in the article above, ‘That there is a drug mafia operating in the region is a fact acknowledged by residents and the police’. So what I suggest is:

      Travel in a group of at least 4 people
      Pass on details of the trekking company you go with to your family and friends and tell the trekking company that people know you are hiring their services and the trekking company will be responsible for your safety.
      Check up with the Govt tourism office in central Manali
      Go with a ‘bricks and mortar’ company so in case of any trouble, they can be easily tracked. Prefer this to ‘internet only fly by night ‘phone only’ independent companies.
      Dont under any circumstances accept anything from strangers and dont try to buy/try any narcotics.

      Enjoy! I am sure you will. No one ever came back from GHNP without a smile on their face!


  2. sandip das
    Feb 03, 2013 @ 16:56:17

    i want to know that minimum how many people requred for treaking of GHNP? nd our journy date is 12/03/13. In this time where we can treak in a park? Please give me answer sir….


    • sandip das
      Feb 04, 2013 @ 10:18:18

      Please reply sir….. your adviced great helping my group..


    • Panki
      Feb 17, 2013 @ 08:02:46

      Dear Sandip das
      You can contact the local ngo which is working for long time in the valley .
      you can contact Gopal ji the director of BTCA .
      You can only do low altitude 5 day trek during this time of the year .

      Keep Ghnp clean


  3. jai
    Feb 18, 2013 @ 08:12:57

    hello,im a novice trekker planning to trek down gushaini to rolla route,any help and suggestions would be highly appreciated,noted that im travelling alone..


  4. Mini
    Apr 25, 2013 @ 16:49:37

    Dear Ankit,
    The price you quoted “1500-2000/-” is it per person per day? even if the group has 4 persons camping together?
    Will appreciate your reply :)


  5. Deepak bhalla
    Jun 12, 2013 @ 05:30:22

    i was there in the area last apr i started my tracking from bathard crossing the bashleo pass(10,000 ft) and have a halt at was really a great 16 km track but i missed the great himalayan nation park.


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